European Journal of Adapted Physical Activity, Vol 13, 2020, No 1

Adapted Physical Activity through COVID-19
Kwok Ng

Staying physically active
Staying physically educated
Staying connected with research and practice

Cognitive interviews with children as a research tool for instrument validation in adapted physical activity
Nancy L. I. Spencer, Marcel Bouffard, E. Jane Watkinson

The development and use of instruments to assess individuals with impairments in various domains is common practice in the field of Adapted Physical Activity. Test developers and users often question the validity of their instruments and use different conceptual and/or empirical strategies for validation purposes. One validation strategy, still rarely used in the sport sciences, is cognitive interviews with participants. This study is an attempt to show the utility of cognitive interviews for instrument development with children with relevance to the field of adapted physical activity.  Specifically, we investigated the question-and-answer processes…

The Impact of a Summer Sports Camp for Children with Visual Impairments on the Self-Efficacy of Physical Education Pre-Service Teachers: A Pilot Study
John Foley, Sara Santarossa, Daniel W. Tindall, Lauren J. Lieberman

Training and self-confidence of the instructor are important components in the success of any inclusive physical education (PE) or recreation program. The purpose of this study was to determine if the self-efficacy toward teaching students with intellectual disabilities, physical disabilities or visual impairment in PE would increase in PE pre-service teachers working at a one-week intensive sports camp for youth with visual impairments. PE pre-service teachers (n=18) filled out the Self-Efficacy Scale for Physical Education Teacher Education Majors towards Children with Disabilities (SE-PETE-D) pre- and post-camp. SE-PETE-D measured participants’…

Finding a Home for Adapted Physical Education in Individualized Education Program Software
Scott McNamara, Suzanna Dillon

The United States’ Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (2004) is a law that mandates special education is free and appropriate for all children with disabilities and includes services in physical education (PE). Few scholars have examined how PE for students with disabilities is documented within individualized education program (IEP) software systems. Thus, the purpose of this investigation was to examine the extent to which PE is being included in IEP software. Fifteen IEP software companies were surveyed. In addition, nine state IEP templates were randomly selected and reviewed in order to determine how they labeled PE services….

Elite Athletes’ Perspectives about the Importance of Psychological Preparation and Personal Experiences with Sport Psychology
Tânia Bastos, Rui Corredeira, Michel Probst, António Manuel Fonseca

Portuguese elite athletes with disabilities (n=14) were interviewed to explore the importance assigned to psychological preparation and their personal experiences on sport psychology. Semi-structured interviews were conducted using standard qualitative methodology. All the participants highlighted the importance of psychological preparation in sports performance. Moreover, it was evident a gap on applied sport psychology among the athletes. Most of the athletes never had any kind of psychological intervention for sport. Although some participants mentioned barriers to sport psychology intervention (e.g., athlete’s age, perception of psychological…

The use of adapted boxing as a rehabilitation strategy in people with diverse health conditions: a systematic review
Miguel A. Sánchez-Lastra, Carlos Ayán, Mesut Sener, José M. Cancela

Boxing exercise programs without direct contact with an opponent, is an adapted physical activity that integrate a series of tasks that may have positive effects on people with diverse health conditions. This study aimed to analyze the scientific evidence available on the effects of using adapted boxing as a rehabilitation strategy on people with diverse health conditions. A systematic review of the scientific literature was performed on studies which dealt with the effects of boxing as a rehabilitation strategy in people with diverse health conditions. Two modified scales were applied to assess the methodological quality of the findings. A total of…

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