The Influence of Lifestyle on Cardio-metabolic Risk in Students from Timisoara University Center
Mihaela ORAVIȚAN (West University of Timișoara, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports), Claudiu AVRAM (West University of Timișoara, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports), Stela IURCIUC (”Victor Babeș” Medicine and Pharmacy University of Timișoara, Faculty of Medicine), Petru MERGHEȘ (University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Banat Timișoara, Department of Physical Education and Sports), Bogdan ALMĂJAN-GUȚĂ (”Politechnik” University of Timișoara, Department of Physical Education and Sports)
Pages: 7–15. Fulltext
This study is a part of the activities in a cross border cooperation project that has proposed the management of obesity and cardiometabolic risk at students from Timisoara and Szeged university centres. The target group of Timisoara University Center was formed out of 600 students enrolled in the four major universities from Timisoara; target group students were questioned about their lifestyle and were evaluated anthropometric parameters, body composition and arterial stiffness; based on questionnaires was determine too the risk of developing cardiovascular disease and/or diabetes mellitus type II. Analysis of the results revealed the strong correlations between lifestyle and cardio-metabolic risk in these students.
National Study on the Physical Activity Level as a Means of Preserving Health
Dan GAIŢĂ (” Victor Babeş” Medicine and Pharmacy University of Timisoara, Faculty of Medicine), Mihaela ORAVIŢAN (West University of Timisoara, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports), Claudiu AVRAM (West University of Timisoara, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports)
Pages: 16–21. Fulltext
Among the factors acting as a burden to health, physical inactivity ranks fourth as a risk factor for all-cause mortality and sixth among the risk factor for loss of disability in adjusted life years. Unhealthy diets and physical inactivity are key risk factors for the major noncommunicable diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, cancer and diabetes. It were investigated a sample of 1106 Romanian subjects, aged 18 and over. 53% of the questioned population is informed regarding the benefits of daily physical activities, but only 35% of Romanians declare that they find it easy to apply what they know about maintaining health. Their main sources of information are: television (56%) and Internet (17%). 49% perform appropriate physical activity; walking (51%) and household activities (32%) are the main physical activities performed by Romanians, while sports are performed by few of those interviewed (running – 12%, fitness – 7%, cycling – 6%, football – 6%, gymnastics – 4%, while all the other did not score over 2%). Half of respondents practice physical activities rarely or not at all, and the main reasons for the sedentary behaviour are the lack of time (42%), lack of money (16%) or convenience (15%). Nearly half of Romanians are sedentary. Although the level of information regarding the benefits of physical activities is satisfactory, the degree of putting this information into practice is very small; the population is not sufficiently aware of the necessity to perform physical activities, in spite of the fact that the effects of a sedentary lifestyle are evident.<(p>
Pages: 22–28. Fulltext
An uncomon cause of sciatica is piriformis syndrome that involves deep buttock pain reffered to the leg. Piriformis syndrome is usually discribed as a neuromuscular disorder caused by compression or irritation of the sciatic nerve by the piriformis muscle. There are a lot of means to diagnose Piriformis syndrome, and to distinguish it from other pain inducing conditions. Unfortunatelly not every practitioner has the opportunity to use special means, and not every patient has the financial support to beneficiate of the same special means, represented by Computed tomography (CT), Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), Electromyography (EMG) and Neurography. For this reason, the present paper gathered the most popular functional tests used in the practice to diagnose the piriformis syndrome.
Notational Analysis of the Volleyball Serve
Andrea CIUFFARELLA (Department of Applied Clinical Sciences and biotechnology, Human Movement and Sport Science Faculty, L’Aquila University, L’Aquila, Italy), Luca RUSSO (Department of Applied Clinical Sciences and biotechnology, Human Movement and Sport Science Faculty, L’Aquila University, Sport Science Faculty, Urbino University “Carlo Bo”, Urbino, Italy), Francesco MASEDU (Department of Applied Clinical Sciences and biotechnology, Human Movement and Sport Science Faculty, L’Aquila University, L’Aquila, Italy), Marco VALENTI (Department of Applied Clinical Sciences and biotechnology, Human Movement and Sport Science Faculty, L’Aquila University, L’Aquila, Italy), Riccardo Edgardo IZZO (School of Sport Science, Urbino University “Carlo Bo”, Urbino, Italy), Marco DE ANGELIS (Department Sport Science Faculty, Urbino University “Carlo Bo”, Urbino, Italy)
Pages 29–35. Fulltext
The aim of the present study was to investigate the serving techniques in male top level volleyball, especially the tactical and spatial behavior of the servers and receiving opponents focusing on the pros and cons of the different serving techniques. An analysis was made of 4552 serves from 28 matches played during the 2008-2009 regular season of the Italian volleyball male Top League. Serving techniques were categorized into Jump Serve (JS), Float Jump Serve (FJS) and Float Serve (FS), and for each serve several parameters were recorded: role of the server (Setter – S, Hitter – H, and Middle Blocker – MB), kind of serve (JS, FJS, FS), number of players defending the serve (Defense), difficulty in receiving the serve (RS), evaluation of serve outcome (EV), and defensive court zone where the ball was directed (FZ). The results confirmed the largest use of the JS (69.9%), followed by the FJS (26.9%) and the FS (3.3%). There were significant relationships between the serve technique, the EV, the Defense and the FZ where the serves were directed (Chi-Square p = 0.000). The zone absolutely most hit was the posterior/central, followed by the left/posteriors. There were significant differences in the RS difficulty for the JS respect to FJS (p = 0.001) and FS (p = 0.000) and also for the defensive strategies performed: a defense strategy with 2 defenders showed significant and better score during the reception respect to that with 3 (p = 0.000). No statistical relationship was found between the role of the server and other parameters. These results are consistent with previous studies in which JS showed to be the most powerful technique in terms of increasing defensive difficulties but, at the same time, with a fairly high percentage of errors. This issue must be taken into consideration in crucial phases of the game, and the serving techniques must be used strategically. JS can be very useful for increasing the defensive “conflict zones” with the aim to score a direct ace or to make the offensive maneuver difficult after reception. FJS can be useful when there is the need to aim a specific FZ and prepare the team for the next defense action. Scouting or match analysis procedure of the serving statistics should be performed during the game to better indicate the serve strategy to choose.
Sorin BRÎNDESCU (West University of Timisoara, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports)
Pages: 37–41. Fulltext
The stage reached nowadays in the development of the game of football throughout the world, as a result of the effort and concern of specialists and players for continuous improvement of the game, inevitably led to the development of new well-established ideas and solutions about the manner of playing, the game and training system, the selection and promotion of players. All this made the performance level be very high at present, both nationally and especially internationally, and this can only be achieved by players whose performance capacity is particularly large and growing. A special contribution in solving these problems has been brought and will be brought further by scientific research, both the fundamental one which studies essentially the mass basis of performance football in all its conceptual complexity, and the applicative one which addresses more limiting issues but still definite, specific to the practice and methodology of football at this level. Moreover, until now there have been numerous studies with an applicative nature joined by many specialists worldwide through research studies conducted over the years. Thus, it can be appreciated that most of the issues regarding the effective contact time with the ball are identified by the manner in which the possession of the ball is gained and lost. Therefore, we compared the two competitions, the players involved, depending on their position in a team. We want the results to be mostly a support for the advanced training of football players at all divisionary levels, with the possibility of achieving specific training plans and stages.
Comparative Kinetic Methods used for the Therapy of Idiopathic Scoliosis in Adolescents
Elena AMARICĂI (“Victor Babes” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Timisoara, Romania, Department of Rehabilitation, Physical Medicine and Rheumatology)
Pages 49–53. Fulltext
Scoliosis is one of the most common axial deviations of the spine. Because of its incidence and the fact that, with the evolution of technology, adolescents spend increasingly more time sitting at desk, adopting positions often incorrect, this paper aims to study the evolution of adolescent patients diagnosed with scoliosis using different kinetic methods of treatment. Another objective is to highlight the most effective method of treatment in terms of overall rehabilitation period, the time spent by the patient in the rehabilitation centre and the preservation of scoliosis correction. 9 adolescents patients (aged between 14 and 17 years) with idiopathic scoliosis were divided into three groups based on the followed kinetic method. Three patients underwent a physical therapy program based on the conventional Klapp and Cotrel method, three patients performed Schroth method, and the other three patients performed Vojta method. All patients were monitored for 6 months. They followed a certain rehabilitation therapy in a specialized centre under the guidance of specialized therapist. Height, weight and scoliosis curvature (measured by the Cobb angle) were assessed at the beginning of the program and after 6 months of kinetic program. The small number of patients in each group could not issue conclusions regarding the statistical efficiency of the three methods of therapy. However, besides the conventional therapy, both Schroth method and Vojta method represent possibilities to treat the adolescent patients with idiopathic scoliosis.
Marcel RĂSĂDEAN (West University of Timisoara, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports)
Pages 53–56. Fulltext
Squash is a complex sport between two players (singles) or between four players (doubles), who use special racquets to alternatively strike a rubber ball in a four-walled court with a dedicated layout; by practicing this sport, an individual may gain a number of benefits: squash optimizes the overall state of health, improves coordination, flexibility, agility and speed of reaction, develops the capacity to concentrate and the attention span, fosters a competitive spirit, reduces stress levels, increases the resistance to effort and constitutes an activity that may successfully counteract sedentariness and obesity. Furthermore, squash is a means by which one may socialize and strengthen interpersonal relations. Taking into account that, even though squash is not extensively known in Romania, it is on the rise both from the point of view of the number of people who practice it and from the perspective of institutional organization. In order to accelerate the promotion of squash both on a national and on a regional level, a qualitative research has been conducted among squash players in Timisoara. The purpose of this research is to identify the reasons which determine one to practice squash and the interest dedicated by those who practice squash to competitions.
Individualized unsupervised exercise programs and chest physiotherapy in children with cystic fibrosis
Bogdan ALMĂJAN-GUȚĂ (Universitatea Politehnica din Timişoara), Ornela CLUCI (West University of Timisoara, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports), Alexandra RUSU (West University of Timisoara, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports), Oana CIUCA (”Victor Babes” Medicine and Pharmacy University of Timisoara, Faculty of Medicine)
Pages 57–60. Fulltext
Traditionally, physiotherapy for cystic fibrosis focused mainly on airway clearance (clearing mucus from the lungs). This still makes up a large part of daily treatment, but the role of the physiotherapist in cystic fibrosis has expanded to include daily exercise, inhalation therapy, posture awareness and, for some, the management of urinary incontinence. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the necessity and the efficiency of various methods of chest physiotherapy and individualized unsupervised exercise program, in the improvement of body composition and physical performance. This study included 12 children with cystic fibrosis, with ages between 8-13 years. Each subject was evaluated in terms of body composition, effort capacity and lower body muscular performance, at the beginning of the study and after 12 months.The intervention consisted in classic respiratory clearance and physiotherapy techniques (5 times a week) and an individualized unsupervised exercise program (3 times a week). After 12 months we noticed a significant improvement of the measured parameters: body weight increased from 32.25±5.5 to 33.53±5.4 kg (p <0.001), skeletal muscle mass increased from a mean of 16.04±4.1 to 17.01±4.2 (p<0.001), the fitness score, increased from a mean of 71±3.8 points to73±3.8, (p<0.001) and power and force also registered positive evolutions (from 19.3±2.68 to 21.65±2.4 W/kg and respectively 19.68±2.689 to 20.81±2.98 N/kg).The association between physiotherapy procedures and an individualized (after a proper clinical assessment) unsupervised exercise program, proved to be an effective, relatively simple and accessible (regardless of social class) intervention.
Ionică CĂRĂBAŞ (West University of Timisoara, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports)
Pages 61–64. Fulltext
The ascension to the top of the world hierachy in hanball implies a minutiously preparation, considering all the factors of the sporting training, of the players who compose the team. If, not long ago, a team having a 9 m line and a valuable goalkeeper could lean the victory balance in its favour, nowadays, a team can not win a high level competition without having very valuable players on the other posts too. Considering the aspects presented, the study proposes to demonstrate the importance of the players` contribution who evolve on the wing post, in the modern handball game.
Contribution of the game in the development of motor skills during the physical education class
Eugen BOTA (West University of Timisoara, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports)
Pages 65–69. Fulltext
Aim: checking the influence of the dynamic game (taught in physical education lessons) on the development of motor skills in 4th class middle school students. Materials and methods: The study was conducted over a period of six months, involving 30 students: boys (15) and girls (15), aged between 12 and 13. The evaluation of the athletes’ physical capacity was done by performing the following tests: speed running 50 m, long jump on the spot, resistance running 800 m G / 1000 m B, trunk lifting from lying position to sitting. Given the nature of the study, it did not require the use of sophisticated equipment. Conclusions: Methodical practicing of physical exercises (dynamic games) proves itself more and more successful in terms of growth and normal, harmonical development of children and youth. In terms of motor skills, they have improved, which was revealed by the final testing results. Comparative analysis of the two test results across all samples showed that using dynamic games during the lessons had a positive effect on students. This drove to the effort capacity’s improvement with the parameters that were statistically significant in all the tests.