European Journal of Adapted Physical Activity, Vol 13, 2020, No 2

Preparation for ISAPA 2021 in the midst of COVID-19
Pauli Rintala

Rethinking daily movement behaviors of children wth autism spectrum disorder: meeting the 24-hour movement guidelines
Sean Healy, Freda Patterson, Edward Williams, Alicia J. Lozano, Alexandra L. Hanlon, Iva Obrusnikova

In an effort to promote optimal health in all children, 24-hour movement guidelines that provide specific recommendations for physical activity, screen-time, and sleep have been developed (≥ 1 hour of physical activity, ≤ 2 hours of screen-time, 9-11 hours of sleep). Children who meet the recommendations for these health behaviours are less likely to be obese than those who do not meet them. This study compared the degree to which children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and typically developing (TD) children met the newly developed 24-hour movement guidelines. A propensity-score matched sample of 72 children (36 children with ASD,…

Physiological Responses of Youth Players During Wheelchair Basketball Games
Ryan T. Conners, Jeremy M. Elliott, David L. Kyle, Stacy Solomon, Paul N. Whitehead

The purpose of this study was to document physiological responses that result from participation in youth wheelchair basketball (WCB) games. Each participant (4 males, 2 females, mean age = 15.2 y, SD= 1.8 y) completed a peak aerobic capacity upper-body cycle ergometer test until fatigue. Additionally, each participant competed in two regular season youth WCB games while wearing a Polar Pro Team System heart rate (HR) monitor. During competition, average HR, peak heart rate (HRpeak), playing intensity, total distance covered, training load score, and caloric expenditure were recorded. Results from the study indicated a HR mean = 140.8 b×min-1,…

Static balance ability of persons with visual impairment on firm and foam surfaces
Triloki Prasad, Subhankar Ghosh, Asis Goswami

The Balance Error Scoring System (BESS) is an easily administered test of short duration static balance. In daily activities including sports, people with low vision (partially sighted) or partial blindness and visual impairment face difficulty while balancing their body in static positions. The purpose of this study is to test balance and stability of people with low vision or partially sightedness (PS) and full blindness (FB) using BESS test. The BESS was used to measure the error in the range from 0 for “excellent balance” and 10 for “very poor balance”. A total of 106 volunteers participated in the study that included 43 PS (mean age = 17.5y, SD…

Understanding Parent Support for Physical Activity among Parents of Children and Youth with Disabilities: A Behaviour Change Theory Perspective
Rebecca Bassett-Gunter, Sunita Tanna, Kelly Arbour-Nicitopoulos, Ryan E. Rhodes, Jennifer Leo

Parent support facilitates physical activity among children and youth with disabilities (CYD). Parent physical activity support is a behaviour unto itself which requires motivation and effort, yet its predictors are not well understood. Guided by the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) and multi-process action control (M-PAC) framework, the study aimed to identify predictors of physical activity support among parents of CYD (N = 95; 83.2% female). TPB and M-PAC variables were assessed, followed by parent physical activity support behaviour four weeks later. Regression analysis identified TPB (i.e., perceived behavioural control for child physical activity,…

A Collaborative Approach for Engaging Students with Severe Disabilities in Physical Education
Michelle Grenier, Matthew Patey, Lauren Lieberman, Ali Brian

There is research on the barriers teachers face including students with disabilities, and the extant literature is limited with regard to collaboration between general and special education. To increase the likelihood of effective collaboration, relationships among colleagues should involve on-going and sustained communication regarding students’ skills. The purpose of this study was to examine the collaborative practices between general and special educators in providing access to the curriculum for students with severe disabilities in general physical education. Our primary questions included: How do general and special educators define and…

The effectiveness of bandwidth knowledge of results on a throwing task in goalball players with visual impairments
Nir Dov Shimony, Ronnie Lidor, Gal Ziv

The purpose of the current study was to examine whether a wide bandwidth knowledge of results (WBWKR) would result in better throwing accuracy and consistency compared to a narrow bandwidth knowledge of results (NBWKR) among goalball players with visual impairments. Elite goalball players (n=14) were randomly assigned to one of two groups – a WBWKR or a NBWKR group. The participants practiced a throwing task on a goalball court with either a wide bandwidth (1.98 m) or a narrow bandwidth (1.5 m) target. They completed the task at pre-test and acquisition phases. Seventy-two hours after the participants completed the acquisition trials, they performed…

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