Psychology of Sport and Exercise Vol. 15, Issue 6, November 2014

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pse-dsSpecial Section on Eating Disorders, guest edited by Anthony Papathomas and Trent Petrie

Editorial: Towards a more sophisticated approach to eating disorders in sport research
Pages 675-679
Anthony Papathomas, Trent Petrie

Psychosocial correlates of bulimic symptomatology among male athletes
Original Research Article, Pages 680-687
Trent Petrie, Nick Galli, Christy Greenleaf, Justine Reel, Jennifer Carter

  • Male athletes are at-risk for disordered eating.
  • Male athletes have been studied infrequently.
  • Dietary restraint and drive for muscularity are related to bulimic symptomatology.
  • Negative affect and body dissatisfaction are unrelated to bulimic symptomatology.

Self-starvation and the performance narrative in competitive sport
Original Research Article, Pages 688-695
Anthony Papathomas, David Lavallee

  • A narrative approach to athlete eating disorders is adopted as an alternative to dominant medical approaches.
  • Athlete disordered eating experiences are framed by a broad performance narrative.
  • The performance narrative spans academic and sporting cultural auspices.
  • When low perceptions of achievement occur, athletes may construe self-starvation as a form of accomplishment.

Prevalence and correlates of disordered eating in female figure skaters
Original Research Article, Pages 696-704
Dana K. Voelker, Dan Gould, Justine J. Reel

  • Thirteen percent of female skaters reported scores indicative of disordered eating.
  • Female skaters were no more symptomatic than their same-age peers.
  • Disordered eating did not differ between elite and sub-elite female skaters.
  • General and sport-related variables were influential in disordered eating.

Comparing elite male and female distance runner’s experiences of disordered eating through narrative analysis
Original Research Article, Pages 705-712
Rebecca Busanich, Kerry R. McGannon, Robert J. Schinke

  • We compare an elite male and female distance runner’s disordered eating experiences.
  • Experiences are framed by cultural narratives around food, body and exercise.
  • A performance narrative framed elite athlete identity and meanings of failure.
  • Runners drew on gendered narratives to construct disordered eating experiences.
  • Consequences of gendered and performance narratives change via narrative resistance.

Moderators and predictors of response to eating disorder risk factor reduction programs in collegiate female athletes
Original Research Article, Pages 713-720
T.M. Stewart, M. Plasencia, H. Han, H. Jackson, C.B. Becker

  • Both athlete modified dissonance (DBP) and healthy weight (HWI) programs reduce ED symptoms and risk factors.
  • Moderators and predictors of response to these programs were investigated.
  • Sport type (lean/non-lean) was not a moderator of response.
  • Effects of both programs on bulimic pathology were stronger for athletes with higher baseline bulimic pathology.
  • Negative affect and elevated dietary restraint may attenuate outcome of ED prevention.

Identifying and preventing disordered eating among athletes: Perceptions of track and field coaches
Original Research Article, Pages 721-728
Carolyn R. Plateau, Hilary J. McDermott, Jon Arcelus, Caroline Meyer

  • An exploration of coach strategies for identifying disordered eating in athletes.
  • Weight loss was a key indicator used by coaches to detect disordered eating.
  • Some strategies contradicted coach motivations for preventing disordered eating.
  • Athlete weight and body shape were perceived to have a high impact on performance.
  • Comprehensive coach education could aid detection of disordered eating in athletes.

Reflections on athletes and eating disorders
Original Research Article, Pages 729-734
Ron A. Thompson, Roberta Sherman

  • Reflections were offered on the last 25 years of research on Athletes and Eating Disorders.
  • Comments were provided on each of the articles included in this special issue.
  • Recommendations were offered regarding future research.Not entitled to full text

Highlighted Articles

Interactive effects of video, priming, and music on emotions and the needs underlying intrinsic motivation
Original Research Article, Pages 611-619
Georgios Loizou, Costas I. Karageorghis, Daniel T. Bishop

  • Impact of music, video, and priming on emotion/motivation-related variables was explored.
  • Α cross-cultural comparison was also conducted using English and Greek samples.
  • The proposed positive effects of music on psychological states were supported.
  • Positive effects of priming as a psychological intervention are expounded.
  • A state-of-the-art application of video, priming, and music in sport is presented.

Describing citation structures in sport burnout literature: A citation network analysis
Review Article, Pages 620-626
Henrik Gustafsson, David J. Hancock, Jean Côté

  • A highly cited article was quantitative, focused on individual sport and was original research.
  • Athlete burnout research is balanced investigating both male and female athletes.
  • Data on coach burnout is scarcer and skewed towards male coaches.
  • The most cited burnout model was Smith’s (1986) cognitive-affective stress model.

Effects of acute aerobic exercise on multiple aspects of executive function in preadolescent children
Original Research Article, Pages 627-636
Ai-Guo Chen, Jun Yan, Heng-Chan Yin, Chien-Yu Pan, Yu-Kai Chang

  • To examine the acute exercise effect on multiple aspects of executive function in preadolescents.
  • To determine whether age group moderates the relationship.
  • Acute exercise facilitates three core aspects of executive function in both aged preadolescents.
  • Older preadolescents demonstrate better inhibition and working memory, but not shifting.

Sport Psychology

Working with religious and spiritual athletes: Ethical considerations for sport psychologists
Original Research Article, Pages 580-587
Mustafa Sarkar, Denise M. Hill, Andrew Parker

  • We highlight ethical issues for those working with religious and spiritual athletes.
  • The RRICC model (Plante, 2007) is used as a framework for discussion through the lens of cultural praxis.
  • We explore the principles of respect, responsibility, integrity, competence, and concern.
  • Practical examples of working with religious and spiritual athletes are provided.

Explicit and implicit affiliation motives predict verbal and nonverbal social behavior in sports competition
Original Research Article, Pages 588-595
Mirko Wegner, Vincent Bohnacker, Gordon Mempel, Thomas Teubel, Julia Schüler

  • Competitive athletes’ implicit and explicit affiliation motives are not correlated.
  • The implicit affiliation motive predicts nonverbal social behavior toward opponents.
  • The explicit affiliation motive is linked to verbal social interaction with teammates.
  • Using direct and indirect measures allows for differential prediction of behavior.

Professional handball coaches management of players’ situated understanding during official games
Original Research Article, Pages 596-604
Thierry Debanne, Paul Fontayne, Jérôme Bourbousson

  • Coaches manage more often procedural knowledge than declarative knowledge.
  • In difficult situation, coaches manage more on team work mental models.
  • Procedural knowledge is more distributed than shared.

Examining the moderating effects of time on task and task complexity on the within person self-efficacy and performance relationship
Original Research Article, Pages 605-610
Stuart Beattie, Mohammed Fakehy, Tim Woodman

  • We examine time on task as a moderator of self-efficacy and performance relationship.
  • We examine task difficulty as a moderator of self-efficacy and performance relationship.
  • Time task difficulty moderate the relationship between self-efficacy and performance.
  • Negative effects occur due to lack of time spent on task.
  • Positive efficacy effects occur in challenging tasks.

Using perceptual home-training to improve anticipation skills of soccer goalkeepers
Original Research Article, Pages 642-648
Mauro Murgia, Fabrizio Sors, Alessandro Franco Muroni, Ilaria Santoro, Valter Prpic, Alessandra Galmonte, Tiziano Agostini

  • We tested the effectiveness of a perceptual home-training on skilled soccer goalkeepers.
  • Goalkeepers were trained to predict the direction of temporally occluded penalties.
  • Participants were free to schedule their own training sessions.
  • Goalkeepers improved their predictive abilities after the training.

Relationships between perfectionistic strivings, perfectionistic concerns, and competitive sport level
Original Research Article, Pages 659-667
Allison Rasquinha, John G.H. Dunn, Janice Causgrove Dunn

  • Competitive sport level was related to perfectionism levels in sport.
  • Higher sport levels were associated with higher perfectionistic strivings.
  • Males were more likely to have higher perfectionistic strivings than females.

Exercise Psychology

Open Access Article Development and psychometric evaluation of a post exercise exhaustion scale utilising the Rasch measurement model
Original Research Article, Pages 569-579
Mark D. Hecimovich, Jeremiah J. Peiffer, Allen G. Harbaugh

  • Sound psychometric properties.
  • Valid theoretical structure.
  • Scale has limited amounts of items, and uses a single response format.
  • Scale has a positive, significant correlation to an existing scale which measures a similar, but not exact, construct.
  • The items have the same psychometric properties across different groups of participants except for one item; but this could be an anomaly.

Social cognitive correlates of physical activity among single mothers with young children
Pages 637-641
Deirdre Dlugonski, Robert W. Motl

  • Most SCT constructs had small-to-moderate associations with physical activity.
  • Physical outcome expectations were not associated with physical activity.
  • Single mothers had low levels of social support for being active.
  • Frequent use of planning skills was positively associated with physical activity.

Physical activity in employees with differing occupational stress and mental health profiles: A latent profile analysis
Original Research Article, Pages 649-658
Markus Gerber, Ingibjörg H. Jonsdottir, Magnus Lindwall, Gunnar Ahlborg Jr.

  • Six classes with differing occupational stress and mental health profiles are identified.
  • Some classes show resilience to stress.
  • Resilience is associated with higher physical activity.
  • Physical inactivity is associated with an increased risk of not being in the resilient classes.
  • This risk is independent of social and demographic background.

Women who use exercise as a compensatory behavior: How do they differ from those who do not
Original Research Article, Pages 668-674
Laura J. Buchholz, Janis H. Crowther

  • We compare women do (ECB) and don’t use exercise as a compensatory behavior (NECB).
  • ECB consumed more alcohol, but did not drink more often than NECB.
  • ECB had higher dietary restraint and body dissatisfaction than NECB.
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